Online Exhibiton by the Getty Research Institute: „The Legacy of Ancient Palmyra“

Temple of Baalshamin, Palmyra, Syria, albumen print, 1864 (negative by Louis Vignes, photograph printed by Charles Nègre).

Exhibition shows drawings by 18th-century architect Louis-François Cassas and largely unseen photographs by 19th-century photographer Louis Vignes

War in Syria has irrevocably changed the ancient caravan city of Palmyra, famed as a meeting place of civilizations since its apogee in the mid-2nd to 3rd century CE. The Romans and Parthians knew Palmyra as a wealthy oasis metropolis, a center of culture and trade on the edge of their empires.

An online exhibition of The Getty captures the site as it was photographed for the first time by Louis Vignes in 1864 and had been illustrated in the 18th century by the architect Louis-François Cassas. Their works contribute to Palmyra’s legacy, one that goes far beyond the stones of its once great buildings.

„For centuries, traveling artists and explorers have documented the ruins of Palmyra in various states of preservation. And in modern times archeologists and art historians have devoted themselves to unraveling and preserving Palmyra’s captivating, unique history and cultural significance, now under the shadow of unspeakable human suffering,” says Thomas W. Gaehtgens, director of the Getty Research Institute. „With The Legacy of Ancient Palmyra, we are honored to present this visual record, much of it from the Getty Research Institute’s collections.” It is the Getty Research Institute’s first online exhibition.

Left: Temple of Bel, cella entrance, Jean-Baptiste Réville and Pierre Gabriel Berthault after Louis-François Cassas. Etching. Platemark: 18 x 11.4 in. (46 x 29 cm). From Voyage pittoresque de la Syrie, de la Phoénicie, de la Palestine, et de la Basse Egypte (Paris, ca. 1799), vol. 1, pl. 46. The Getty Research Institute. Right: Temple of Bel, cella entrance, Louis Vignes, 1864. Albumen print. 8.8 x 11.4 in. (22.5 x 29 cm). The Getty Research Institute.

Among the monuments featured is the Temple of Bel, whose ruins were largely destroyed during the occupation of Palmyra in 2015 by the self-proclaimed Islamic State (ISIS). Also referred to as the Temple of the Sun or the house of the Palmyrene gods, it was one of the grandest architectural projects of the 1st century CE. As the cultural heart of the ancient city, this massive complex integrates a courtyard stretching 200 meters on each side that could accommodate thousands of people during religious festivals.

In 1784 French artist and architect Louis-François Cassas (1756-1827) traveled to the Eastern Mediterranean as part of a diplomatic mission to the Ottoman court. Arriving in Palmyra in May, 1785, Cassas assiduously worked to record the immense quantity of ruins scattered across the landscape until departing a month later with a caravan of 500 camels heading on to Baalbek in modern-day Lebanon.

Photographing the ancient ruins of Palmyra was the vision of French nobleman Honoré Théodore Paul Joseph d’Albert (1831–96), an exceptional savant, who in 1864 led a scientific expedition to the Dead Sea that included surveying the Transjordan region and exploring the famous rock-hewn city of Petra. For these investigations, he recruited naval lieutenant Louis Vignes, because of Vignes’ navigational skills and knowledge of eastern Mediterranean ports. After the completion of much of the mission, Luynes returned to Paris, leaving Vignes to continue to Palmyra, where he took over thirty photographs including three-part panoramas of the ruins.

The Legacy of Ancient Palmyra

(04.05.2017, USA: 05.04.2017)